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Kabaddi (one of the most popular sports in India)

What is kabaddi?

Kabaddi which played mainly among Indian villages, is a contact sport that originated in India. In kabaddi, Two teams occupy opposite halves of a small field and take turns sending a raider into the other half, in order to win points by tagging/wrestling members of the opposing team; the raider then tries to return to his own half while holding his breath and chanting kabaddi, kabaddi, kabaddi during the whole raid.

How to play it?

In the international team version of kabaddi, two teams of seven members each occupy opposite halves of a field of 10 by 13 metres (33 ft × 43 ft) in case of men and 8 by 12 metres (26 ft × 39 ft) in case of women. Each has three supplementary players held in reserve. The game is played with 20-minute halves and a five-minute halftime break during which the teams exchange sides.

The teams take turns sending a "raider" into the other half. To win a point, the raider must take a breath, run into the opposing half, tag one or more members of the opposite team, then return to his home half before inhaling again. The raider will chant 'kabaddi, kabaddi' with his exhaling breath to show the referee he has not inhaled. The raider will be declared out and will not gain the point if he inhales before returning to his side, or returns without touching an opponent. The tagged defender(s) will be out if they do not succeed in catching the raider who tagged them. Wrestling the raider to the ground can prevent him escaping before he needs to inhale. Defenders may not cross the center line (the lobby) of the field and the raider may not cross the boundary lines. However, there is one bonus line which can grant extra points for the raider if he manages to touch it and return successfully. Players who are out are temporarily sent off the field. Each time a player is out, the opposing team earns a point. A team scores a bonus of two points (called a lona), if the entire opposing team is declared out. At the end of the game, the team with the most points wins. Matches are categorized based on age and weight.

Six officials supervise a match: one referee, two umpires, a scorer and two assistant scorers.

India's performance in World Cup

India has won all five Kabaddi world cups played till now. In all the five world cups, India remained unbeaten throughout the tournament. Iran is the two times runner-up of world cups.All the world cups were held in India.

Pro Kabaddi League

Pro kabaddi league was introduced in 2014 in India based on Indian premier league.The first edition of the tournament had begun at 26 July 2014 with eight franchises based at eight different cities in India consisting of players from all over the world.The team jaipur pink panthers based at jaipur is owned by Bollywood star Abhishiek bachchan who said he wants to promote kabaddi. The other teams are namely U mumba based at mumbai,bengaluru bulls based ato bengaluru,delhi dabbangs based at delhi,puneri paltans based at pune,Telugu titans based at vizag,Bengal warriors based at kolkata and patna pirates based at patna.

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Source : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabaddi